- (fl. 1st cent BCE)Judean high priest and ethnarch, elder son of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra. He succeeded his mother to the Judean throne but was driven out and had the high priesthood wrested from him by his brother Aristobulus II. With the help of Antipater, he resolved to overcome Aristobulus. The brothers appealed for arbitration to Pompey, who preferred Hyrcanus. After conquering Aristobulus and his supporters, Pompey apointed Hyrcanus high priest with limited political authority. Following Pompey's death Hyrcanus supported Julius Caesar, who elevated him to the position of ethnarch. When Judea was invaded by the Parthians, he was taken captive. He subsequently returned to Judea, where he was accused of treason by Herod the Great and executed.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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Hyrcanus II — Hyrcanus II, a member of the Hasmonean dynasty, was the Jewish High Priest and King of Judea in the 1st century BCE.AccessionHyrcanus was the eldest son of Alexander Jannaeus, King and High Priest, and Alexandra Salome. After the death of… … Wikipedia
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HYRCANUS — Iosephi fil. sibi mortem conscivit. Ioseph. Antiqq. l. 11. c. 5 … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Hyrcanus — Jean Hyrcan Ier Jean Hyrcan Ier (règne de 134 à sa mort en 104 av. J. C.), dit Hyrcanus, est le deuxième fils de Simon Macchabée et grand prêtre de Jérusalem au IIe siècle av. J. C.. Il est donc le neveu de Juda Macchabée. Deux de ces fils… … Wikipédia en Français
Hyrcanus — A prominent and wealthy citizen of Jerusalem whose money was deposited in the Temple (2 Macc. 3:11) and only narrowly escaped confiscation at the hands of the Seleucid commander Heliodorus … Dictionary of the Bible
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HYRCANUS sin. pars est maris Caspii — in Merid. extensus, inter hyrcaniam et Margianam … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
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